a term used variously. Sometimes it is a synonym for the 'hidden curriculum' but more correctly it refers to the out-of-school experiences which contribute to a learner's ability to benefit from schooling. It can also be part of a planned approach where the paracurriculum involves older students no longer in school but now in employment, within an overall structure of educational support. In some college contexts it refers to additional modules in personal skills or creative activity which are not central components of a course of study.