any of a range of theories which lay stress on the nation-state either in terms of pursuing self-determination - political independence, national liberation - or by promoting the nation-state and duties towards it. Fascism is an extreme form which elevates the nation-state and demands devotion from its citizens. Ethnic forms of nationalism emphasise issues of race, religion, and culture rather than the state as political unit. Another strand of nationalism involves feelings of superiority over other countries.