activities or subjects which are seen as relevant, meaningful, desirable, or enjoyable by the learner. Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Dewey (1859-1952), sometimes inappropriately, are most associated with the view that education should be tailored to the learner's interests. While there are obvious issues to do with motivation and appropriateness in such a view, account must also be taken of the other purposes of state education, and of the fact that a strict adherence to such a view might lead to some learners remaining within very limited horizons. Some judge the interests of the child merely to be a useful educational starting-point, while others suggest it is a teacher's role to expand the interests of the child.