Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Definition

the absence of restraints or oppression the capacity to exercise self-determination autonomy.Education and schooling have typically been seen as promoting individual and group freedom in that an educated person is deemed to have more freedom or opportunities to exercise such than an uneducated person. Other critics see schooling as impairing and restricting freedom serving as a form of social control or indoctrination (see emancipation).

fresh start

in educational contexts this usually refers (in a pejorative sense) to an approach which discounts or ignores prior learning and experience. Thus a secondary school which takes no account of a learner's primary school reports or achievements would be said to be practising a 'fresh start'.

full service model

a system of community school provision where a number of agencies are sited on the one campus and endeavour to work together in an integrated way - such as a secondary school with various health social work and employment bodies.


any doctrine stressing practicality and utility. In education it is often used pejoratively of approaches which focus on skills and training at the expense of other curricular elements such as cultural or artistic enrichment for example.

further education

educational provision beyond the secondary stage most typically centred in college specialising in vocational courses.

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