proportional equality

the treatment of relevant persons or groups according to their due. This means that distribution will not be numerically equal but will be governed in relation to persons' deemed rightful needs. In the classroom, this might mean the teacher spending more time with some pupils rather than others, because of some factor deemed important. The basis for this proportional treatment is not fixed and so the principle can be used for quite different approaches: for example, one version might be to channel teacher support towards the more able, as they are deemed more deserving; another version, would be to favour the less able, as they are seen to be more deserving. (see numerical equality)