Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Definition
experiential education

teaching and learning which involves a transactive process between teacher and learner focused on direct experience. It covers a wide range of approaches from those of John Dewey (1859-1952) to outdoors education active learning and environmental education.

experiential learning

independent learning through individual reflection on and meaning making from direct experience.

explicit

clearly stated expressed detailed or shown not merely implied or suggested (see implicit).

expressive learning

an approach which focuses on creativity and performance on the part of learners. Learners may communicate what they have learned through the expressive arts - music drama dance for example and be assessed in those terms.

extension

see core.

external

originating from or conducted by a body outside an educational institution. It may refer to such issues as assessment inspection or funding.

extra-mural

a term used for university teaching or courses offered to students not in full-time study. In Latin the words mean 'beyond or outside the walls' so it also sometimes refers to study away from campus or an institution.

extracurricular

descriptive of activities which fall outside the formal curriuclum. Such activities may include optional lunchtime and afterschool clubs and societies, for example. Some dispute the term but it can be useful for distinguishing learning which is beyond the compulsory core (see informal curriculum)

extrinsic

not inherent but originating outside. In education it is most often used in relation to activity where the learner is motivated or values the activity because of something other than the activity itself - future reward for example. The learner thus experiences extrinsic motivation or places extrinsic value on the activity (see intrinsic).

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