core knowledge

devised by an American educator, E.D. Hirsch, it is a set of cultural facts and information said to form a shared intellectual landcape for learners (in a particular society) and aims to be the core for the school curriculum. Supporters see it as empowering for disadvantaged groups who may not otherwise have access to this sort of knowledge. Critics see it as simplistic (a list of facts with right/wrong answers), potentially narrowing to the curriculum, essentially conservative, and its composition deeply problematic as the selection of what is included tends to favour dominant groups in society and is unlikely to reflect modern multicultural perspectives.